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List 74: Language – based on ISO 639-2/B

Value Description Notes Issue number Modified in Issue
aar Afar 0
abk Abkhaz 0
ace Achinese 0
ach Acoli 0
ada Adangme 0
ady Adygei 0
afa Afro-Asiatic languages Collective name 0
afh Afrihili Artificial language 0
afr Afrikaans 0
ain Ainu 5
aka Akan Macrolanguage 0
akk Akkadian 0
alb Albanian Macrolanguage 0
ale Aleut 0
alg Algonquian languages Collective name 0
alt Southern Altai 5
amh Amharic 0
ang English, Old (ca. 450-1100) 0
anp Angika 7
apa Apache languages Collective name 0
ara Arabic Macrolanguage 0
arc Official Aramaic; Imperial Aramaic (700-300 BCE) 0
arg Aragonese 0
arm Armenian 0
arn Mapudungun; Mapuche 0
arp Arapaho 0
art Artificial languages Collective name 0
arw Arawak 0
asm Assamese 0
ast Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese 0
ath Athapascan languages Collective name 0
aus Australian languages Collective name 0
ava Avaric 0
ave Avestan 0
awa Awadhi 0
aym Aymara Macrolanguage 0
aze Azerbaijani Macrolanguage 0
bad Banda languages Collective name 0
bai Bamileke languages Collective name 0
bak Bashkir 0
bal Baluchi Macrolanguage 0
bam Bambara 0
ban Balinese 0
baq Basque 0
bas Basa 0
bat Baltic languages Collective name 0
bej Beja; Bedawiyet 0
bel Belarusian 0
bem Bemba 0
ben Bengali 0
ber Berber languages Collective name 0
bho Bhojpuri 0
bih Bihari languages Collective name 0
bik Bikol Macrolanguage 0
bin Bini; Edo 0
bis Bislama 0
bla Siksika 0
bnt Bantu languages Collective name 0
bos Bosnian 0
bra Braj 0
bre Breton 0
btk Batak languages Collective name 0
bua Buriat Macrolanguage 0
bug Buginese 0
bul Bulgarian 0
bur Burmese 0
byn Blin; Bilin 4
cad Caddo 0
cai Central American Indian languages Collective name 0
car Galibi Carib 0
cat Catalan 0
cau Caucasian languages Collective name 0
ceb Cebuano 0
cel Celtic languages Collective name 0
cha Chamorro 0
chb Chibcha 0
che Chechen 0
chg Chagatai 0
chi Chinese Macrolanguage 0
chk Chuukese (Truk) 0
chm Mari Macrolanguage 0
chn Chinook jargon 0
cho Choctaw 0
chp Chipewyan; Dene Suline 0
chr Cherokee 0
chu Church Slavic; Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Old Church Slavonic 0
chv Chuvash 0
chy Cheyenne 0
cmc Chamic languages Collective name 0
cmn Mandarin ONIX local code, equivalent to cmn in ISO 639-3 35
cop Coptic 0
cor Cornish 0
cos Corsican 0
cpe Creoles and pidgins, English-based Collective name 0
cpf Creoles and pidgins, French-based Collective name 0
cpp Creoles and pidgins, Portuguese-based Collective name 0
cre Cree Macrolanguage 0
crh Crimean Turkish; Crimean Tatar 0
crp Creoles and pidgins Collective name 0
csb Kashubian 4
cus Cushitic languages Collective name 0
cze Czech 0
dak Dakota 0
dan Danish 0
dar Dargwa 0
day Land Dayak languages Collective name 0
del Delaware Macrolanguage 0
den Slave (Athapascan) Macrolanguage 0
dgr Dogrib 0
din Dinka Macrolanguage 0
div Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian 0
doi Dogri Macrolanguage 0
dra Dravidian languages Collective name 0
dsb Lower Sorbian 4
dua Duala 0
dum Dutch, Middle (ca. 1050-1350) 0
dut Dutch; Flemish 0
dyu Dyula 0
dzo Dzongkha 0
efi Efik 0
egy Egyptian (Ancient) 0
eka Ekajuk 0
elx Elamite 0
eng English 0
enm English, Middle (1100-1500) 0
epo Esperanto Artificial language 0
est Estonian Macrolanguage 0
ewe Ewe 0
ewo Ewondo 0
fan Fang 0
fao Faroese 0
fat Fanti 0
fij Fijian 0
fil Filipino; Pilipino 4
fin Finnish 0
fit Meänkieli / Tornedalen Finnish ONIX local code, equivalent to fit in ISO 639-3 29
fiu Finno-Ugrian languages Collective name 0
fkv Kvensk ONIX local code, equivalent to fkv in ISO 639-3 24
fon Fon 0
fre French 0
frm French, Middle (ca. 1400-1600) 0
fro French, Old (ca. 842-1400) 0
frr Northern Frisian 7
frs Eastern Frisian 7
fry Western Frisian 7
ful Fulah 0
fur Friulian 0
gaa 0
gay Gayo 0
gba Gbaya Macrolanguage 0
gem Germanic languages Collective name 0
geo Georgian 0
ger German 0
gez Ethiopic (Ge’ez) 0
gil Gilbertese 0
gla Scottish Gaelic 0
gle Irish 0
glg Galician 0
glv Manx 0
gmh German, Middle High (ca. 1050-1500) 0
goh German, Old High (ca. 750-1050) 0
gon Gondi Macrolanguage 0
gor Gorontalo 0
got Gothic 0
grb Grebo Macrolanguage 0
grc Greek, Ancient (to 1453) 0
gre Greek, Modern (1453-) 0
grn Guarani Macrolanguage 0
gsw Swiss German; Alemannic 7
guj Gujarati 0
gwi Gwich’in 0
hai Haida Macrolanguage 0
hat Haitian French Creole 0
hau Hausa 0
haw Hawaiian 0
heb Hebrew 0
her Herero 0
hil Hiligaynon 0
him Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages Collective name 0
hin Hindi 0
hit Hittite 0
hmn Hmong; Mong Macrolanguage 0
hmo Hiri Motu 0
hrv Croatian 10
hsb Upper Sorbian 4
hun Hungarian 0
hup Hupa 0
iba Iban 0
ibo Igbo 0
ice Icelandic 0
ido Ido Artificial language 0
iii Sichuan Yi; Nuosu 0
ijo Ijo languages Collective name 0
iku Inuktitut Macrolanguage 0
ile Interlingue; Occidental Artificial language 0
ilo Iloko 0
ina Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association) Artificial language 0
inc Indic languages Collective name 0
ind Indonesian 0
ine Indo-European languages Collective name 0
inh Ingush 0
ipk Inupiaq Macrolanguage 0
ira Iranian languages Collective name 0
iro Iroquoian languages Collective name 0
ita Italian 0
jav Javanese 0
jbo Lojban 4
jpn Japanese 0
jpr Judeo-Persian 0
jrb Judeo-Arabic Macrolanguage 0
kaa Kara-Kalpak 0
kab Kabyle 0
kac Kachin; Jingpho 0
kal Kalâtdlisut; Greenlandic 0
kam Kamba 0
kan Kannada 0
kar Karen languages Collective name 0
kas Kashmiri 0
kau Kanuri Macrolanguage 0
kaw Kawi 0
kaz Kazakh 0
kbd Kabardian (Circassian) 0
kdr Karaim ONIX local code, equivalent to kdr in ISO 639-3 32
kha Khasi 0
khi Khoisan languages Collective name 0
khm Central Khmer 0
kho Khotanese; Sakan 0
kik Kikuyu; Gikuyu 0
kin Kinyarwanda 0
kir Kirghiz; Kyrgyz 0
kmb Kimbundu 0
kok Konkani Macrolanguage 0
kom Komi Macrolanguage 0
kon Kongo Macrolanguage 0
kor Korean 0
kos Kusaiean (Caroline Islands) 0
kpe Kpelle Macrolanguage 0
krc Karachay-Balkar 4
krl Karelian 7
kro Kru languages Collective name 0
kru Kurukh 0
kua Kuanyama 0
kum Kumyk 0
kur Kurdish Macrolanguage 0
kut Kutenai 0
lad Ladino 0
lah Lahnda Macrolanguage 0
lam Lamba 0
lao Lao 0
lat Latin 0
lav Latvian Macrolanguage 0
lez Lezgian 0
lim Limburgish 0
lin Lingala 0
lit Lithuanian 0
lol Mongo-Nkundu 0
loz Lozi 0
ltz Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch 0
lua Luba-Lulua 0
lub Luba-Katanga 0
lug Ganda 0
lui Luiseño 0
lun Lunda 0
luo Luo (Kenya and Tanzania) 0
lus Lushai 0
mac Macedonian 0
mad Madurese 0
mag Magahi 0
mah Marshallese 0
mai Maithili 0
mak Makasar 0
mal Malayalam 0
man Mandingo Macrolanguage 0
mao Maori 0
map Austronesian languages Collective name 0
mar Marathi 0
mas Masai 0
may Malay Macrolanguage 0
mdf Moksha 4
mdr Mandar 0
men Mende 0
mga Irish, Middle (ca. 1100-1550) 0
mic Mi’kmaq; Micmac 0
min Minangkabau 0
mis Uncoded languages Use where no suitable code is available 0
mkh Mon-Khmer languages Collective name 0
mlg Malagasy Macrolanguage 0
mlt Maltese 0
mnc Manchu 0
mni Manipuri 0
mno Manobo languages Collective name 0
moh Mohawk 0
mol Moldavian; Moldovan DEPRECATED – use rum 0 10
mon Mongolian Macrolanguage 0
mos Mooré; Mossi 0
mul Multiple languages 0
mun Munda languages Collective name 0
mus Creek 0
mwl Mirandese 4
mwr Marwari Macrolanguage 0
myn Mayan languages Collective name 0
myv Erzya 4
nah Nahuatl languages Collective name 0
nai North American Indian languages Collective name 0
nap Neapolitan 0
nau Nauruan 0
nav Navajo 0
nbl Ndebele, South 0
nde Ndebele, North 0
ndo Ndonga 0
nds Low German; Low Saxon 0
nep Nepali Macrolanguage 0
new Newari; Nepal Bhasa 0
nia Nias 0
nic Niger-Kordofanian languages Collective name 0
niu Niuean 0
nno Norwegian Nynorsk 5
nob Norwegian Bokmål 5
nog Nogai 0
non Old Norse 0
nor Norwegian Macrolanguage 0
nqo N’Ko 7
nso Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho 0
nub Nubian languages Collective name 0
nwc Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa 4
nya Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja 0
nym Nyamwezi 0
nyn Nyankole 0
nyo Nyoro 0
nzi Nzima 0
oci Occitan (post 1500) 0
odt Old Dutch / Old Low Franconian (ca. 400–1050) ONIX local code, equivalent to odt in ISO 639-3 32
oji Ojibwa Macrolanguage 0
omq Oto-Manguean languages ONIX local code, equivalent to omq in ISO 639-5. Collective name 32
ori Oriya Macrolanguage 0
orm Oromo Macrolanguage 0
osa Osage 0
oss Ossetian; Ossetic 0
ota Turkish, Ottoman 0
oto Otomian languages Collective name 0
paa Papuan languages Collective name 0
pag Pangasinan 0
pal Pahlavi 0
pam Pampanga; Kapampangan 0
pan Panjabi 0
pap Papiamento 0
pau Palauan 0
peo Old Persian (ca. 600-400 B.C.) 0
per Persian; Farsi Macrolanguage 0
pes Iranian Persian; Parsi ONIX local code, equivalent to pes in ISO 639-3. For use in ONIX 3.0 only 39
phi Philippine languages Collective name 0
phn Phoenician 0
pli Pali 0
pol Polish 0
pon Ponapeian 0
por Portuguese 0
pra Prakrit languages Collective name 0
pro Provençal, Old (to 1500); Occitan, Old (to 1500) 0
prs Dari; Afghan Persian ONIX local code, equivalent to prs in ISO 639-3. For use in ONIX 3.0 only 39
pus Pushto; Pashto Macrolanguage 0
qar Aranés ONIX local code, distinct dialect of Occitan (not distinguished from oci by ISO 639-3) 6 24
qav Valencian ONIX local code, distinct dialect of Catalan (not distinguished from cat by ISO 639-3) 5 24
qlk Lemko ONIX local code, distinct dialect of of Rusyn (not distinguished from rue by ISO 639-3) 40
que Quechua Macrolanguage 0
raj Rajasthani Macrolanguage 0
rap Rapanui 0
rar Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori 0
roa Romance languages Collective name 0
roh Romansh 0
rom Romany Macrolanguage 0
rum Romanian 0
run Rundi 0
rup Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian 5
rus Russian 0
sad Sandawe 0
sag Sango 0
sah Yakut 0
sai South American Indian languages Collective name 0
sal Salishan languages Collective name 0
sam Samaritan Aramaic 0
san Sanskrit 0
sas Sasak 0
sat Santali 0
scc Serbian DEPRECATED – use srp 0 10
scn Sicilian 4
sco Scots (lallans) 0
scr Croatian DEPRECATED – use hrv 0 10
sel Selkup 0
sem Semitic languages Collective name 0
sga Irish, Old (to 1100) 0
sgn Sign languages Collective name 0
shn Shan 0
sid Sidamo 0
sin Sinhala; Sinhalese 0
sio Siouan languages Collective name 0
sit Sino-Tibetan languages Collective name 0
sla Slavic languages Collective name 0
slo Slovak 0
slv Slovenian 0
sma Southern Sami 0
sme Northern Sami 0
smi Sami languages Collective name 0
smj Lule Sami 0
smn Inari Sami 0
smo Samoan 0
sms Skolt Sami 0
sna Shona 0
snd Sindhi 0
snk Soninke 0
sog Sogdian 0
som Somali 0
son Songhai languages Collective name 0
sot Sotho; Sesotho 0
spa Spanish 0
srd Sardinian Macrolanguage 0
srn Sranan Tongo 7
srp Serbian 10
srr Serer 0
ssa Nilo-Saharan languages Collective name 0
ssw Swazi; Swati 0
suk Sukuma 0
sun Sundanese 0
sus Susu 0
sux Sumerian 0
swa Swahili Macrolanguage 0
swe Swedish 0
syc Classical Syriac 8
syr Syriac Macrolanguage 0
tah Tahitian 0
tai Tai languages Collective name 0
tam Tamil 0
tat Tatar 0
tel Telugu 0
tem Temne; Time 0
ter Terena 0
tet Tetum 0
tgk Tajik; Tajiki Persian 0
tgl Tagalog 0
tha Thai 0
tib Tibetan 0
tig Tigré 0
tir Tigrinya 0
tiv Tiv 0
tkl Tokelauan 0
tlh Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol Artificial language 4
tli Tlingit 0
tmh Tamashek Macrolanguage 0
tog Tonga (Nyasa) 0
ton Tongan 0
tpi Tok Pisin 0
tsi Tsimshian 0
tsn Tswana AKA Setswana 0
tso Tsonga 0
tuk Turkmen 0
tum Tumbuka 0
tup Tupi languages Collective name 0
tur Turkish 0
tut Altaic languages 0
tvl Tuvaluan 0
twi Twi 0
tyv Tuvinian 0
tzo Tzotzil ONIX local code, equivalent to tzo in ISO 639-3 32
udm Udmurt 0
uga Ugaritic 0
uig Uighur; Uyghur 0
ukr Ukrainian 0
umb Umbundu 0
und Undetermined language 0
urd Urdu 0
uzb Uzbek Macrolanguage 0
vai Vai 0
ven Venda 0
vie Vietnamese 0
vol Volapük Artificial language 0
vot Votic 0
wak Wakashan languages Collective name 0
wal Wolaitta; Wolaytta 0
war Waray 0
was Washo 0
wel Welsh 0
wen Sorbian languages Collective name 0
wln Walloon 0
wol Wolof 0
xal Kalmyk 0
xho Xhosa 0
yao Yao 0
yap Yapese 0
yid Yiddish Macrolanguage 0
yor Yoruba 0
ypk Yupik languages Collective name 0
yue Cantonese ONIX local code, equivalent to yue in ISO 639-3 35
zap Zapotec Macrolanguage 0
zbl Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss Artificial language 8
zen Zenaga 0
zgh Standard Moroccan Tamazight 32
zha Zhuang; Chuang Macrolanguage 0
znd Zande languages Collective name 0
zul Zulu 0
zun Zuni 0
zxx No linguistic content 10
zza Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki Macrolanguage 7
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