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List 74: Language – based on ISO 639-2/B

Last updated in issue 44
Value Description Notes Issue number Modified in Issue
aar Afar 0
abk Abkhaz 0
ace Achinese 0
ach Acoli 0
ada Adangme 0
ady Adygei 0
afa Afro-Asiatic languages Collective name 0
afh Afrihili Artificial language 0
afr Afrikaans 0
ain Ainu 5
aka Akan Macrolanguage 0
akk Akkadian 0
alb Albanian Macrolanguage 0
ale Aleut 0
alg Algonquian languages Collective name 0
alt Southern Altai 5
amh Amharic 0
ang English, Old (ca. 450-1100) 0
anp Angika 7
apa Apache languages Collective name 0
ara Arabic Macrolanguage 0
arc Official Aramaic; Imperial Aramaic (700-300 BCE) 0
arg Aragonese 0
arm Armenian 0
arn Mapudungun; Mapuche 0
arp Arapaho 0
art Artificial languages Collective name 0
arw Arawak 0
asm Assamese 0
ast Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese 0
ath Athapascan languages Collective name 0
aus Australian languages Collective name 0
ava Avaric 0
ave Avestan 0
awa Awadhi 0
aym Aymara Macrolanguage 0
aze Azerbaijani Macrolanguage 0
bad Banda languages Collective name 0
bai Bamileke languages Collective name 0
bak Bashkir 0
bal Baluchi Macrolanguage 0
bam Bambara 0
ban Balinese 0
baq Basque 0
bas Basa 0
bat Baltic languages Collective name 0
bej Beja; Bedawiyet 0
bel Belarusian 0
bem Bemba 0
ben Bengali 0
ber Berber languages Collective name 0
bho Bhojpuri 0
bih Bihari languages Collective name 0
bik Bikol Macrolanguage 0
bin Bini; Edo 0
bis Bislama 0
bla Siksika 0
bnt Bantu languages Collective name 0
bos Bosnian 0
bra Braj 0
bre Breton 0
btk Batak languages Collective name 0
bua Buriat Macrolanguage 0
bug Buginese 0
bul Bulgarian 0
bur Burmese 0
byn Blin; Bilin 4
cad Caddo 0
cai Central American Indian languages Collective name 0
car Galibi Carib 0
cat Catalan 0
cau Caucasian languages Collective name 0
ceb Cebuano 0
cel Celtic languages Collective name 0
cha Chamorro 0
chb Chibcha 0
che Chechen 0
chg Chagatai 0
chi Chinese Macrolanguage 0
chk Chuukese (Truk) 0
chm Mari Macrolanguage 0
chn Chinook jargon 0
cho Choctaw 0
chp Chipewyan; Dene Suline 0
chr Cherokee 0
chu Church Slavic; Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Old Church Slavonic 0
chv Chuvash 0
chy Cheyenne 0
ckb Central Kurdish (Sorani) ONIX local code, equivalent to ckb in ISO 639-3. For use in ONIX 3.0 only 44
cmc Chamic languages Collective name 0
cmn Mandarin ONIX local code, equivalent to cmn in ISO 639-3 35
cnr Montenegrin For use in ONIX 3.0 only 44
cop Coptic 0
cor Cornish 0
cos Corsican 0
cpe Creoles and pidgins, English-based Collective name 0
cpf Creoles and pidgins, French-based Collective name 0
cpp Creoles and pidgins, Portuguese-based Collective name 0
cre Cree Macrolanguage 0
crh Crimean Turkish; Crimean Tatar 0
crp Creoles and pidgins Collective name 0
csb Kashubian 4
cus Cushitic languages Collective name 0
cze Czech 0
dak Dakota 0
dan Danish 0
dar Dargwa 0
day Land Dayak languages Collective name 0
del Delaware Macrolanguage 0
den Slave (Athapascan) Macrolanguage 0
dgr Dogrib 0
din Dinka Macrolanguage 0
div Divehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian 0
doi Dogri Macrolanguage 0
dra Dravidian languages Collective name 0
dsb Lower Sorbian 4
dua Duala 0
dum Dutch, Middle (ca. 1050-1350) 0
dut Dutch; Flemish 0
dyu Dyula 0
dzo Dzongkha 0
efi Efik 0
egy Egyptian (Ancient) 0
eka Ekajuk 0
elx Elamite 0
eng English 0
enm English, Middle (1100-1500) 0
epo Esperanto Artificial language 0
est Estonian Macrolanguage 0
ewe Ewe 0
ewo Ewondo 0
fan Fang 0
fao Faroese 0
fat Fanti 0
fij Fijian 0
fil Filipino; Pilipino 4
fin Finnish 0
fit Meänkieli / Tornedalen Finnish ONIX local code, equivalent to fit in ISO 639-3 29
fiu Finno-Ugrian languages Collective name 0
fkv Kvensk ONIX local code, equivalent to fkv in ISO 639-3 24
fon Fon 0
fre French 0
frm French, Middle (ca. 1400-1600) 0
fro French, Old (ca. 842-1400) 0
frr Northern Frisian 7
frs Eastern Frisian 7
fry Western Frisian 7
ful Fulah 0
fur Friulian 0
gaa 0
gay Gayo 0
gba Gbaya Macrolanguage 0
gem Germanic languages Collective name 0
geo Georgian 0
ger German 0
gez Ethiopic (Ge’ez) 0
gil Gilbertese 0
gla Scottish Gaelic 0
gle Irish 0
glg Galician 0
glv Manx 0
gmh German, Middle High (ca. 1050-1500) 0
goh German, Old High (ca. 750-1050) 0
gon Gondi Macrolanguage 0
gor Gorontalo 0
got Gothic 0
grb Grebo Macrolanguage 0
grc Greek, Ancient (to 1453) 0
gre Greek, Modern (1453-) 0
grn Guarani Macrolanguage 0
gsw Swiss German; Alemannic 7
guj Gujarati 0
gwi Gwich’in 0
hai Haida Macrolanguage 0
hat Haitian French Creole 0
hau Hausa 0
haw Hawaiian 0
heb Hebrew 0
her Herero 0
hil Hiligaynon 0
him Himachali languages; Western Pahari languages Collective name 0
hin Hindi 0
hit Hittite 0
hmn Hmong; Mong Macrolanguage 0
hmo Hiri Motu 0
hrv Croatian 10
hsb Upper Sorbian 4
hun Hungarian 0
hup Hupa 0
iba Iban 0
ibo Igbo 0
ice Icelandic 0
ido Ido Artificial language 0
iii Sichuan Yi; Nuosu 0
ijo Ijo languages Collective name 0
iku Inuktitut Macrolanguage 0
ile Interlingue; Occidental Artificial language 0
ilo Iloko 0
ina Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association) Artificial language 0
inc Indic languages Collective name 0
ind Indonesian 0
ine Indo-European languages Collective name 0
inh Ingush 0
ipk Inupiaq Macrolanguage 0
ira Iranian languages Collective name 0
iro Iroquoian languages Collective name 0
ita Italian 0
jav Javanese 0
jbo Lojban 4
jpn Japanese 0
jpr Judeo-Persian 0
jrb Judeo-Arabic Macrolanguage 0
kaa Kara-Kalpak 0
kab Kabyle 0
kac Kachin; Jingpho 0
kal Kalâtdlisut; Greenlandic 0
kam Kamba 0
kan Kannada 0
kar Karen languages Collective name 0
kas Kashmiri 0
kau Kanuri Macrolanguage 0
kaw Kawi 0
kaz Kazakh 0
kbd Kabardian (Circassian) 0
kdr Karaim ONIX local code, equivalent to kdr in ISO 639-3 32
kha Khasi 0
khi Khoisan languages Collective name 0
khm Central Khmer 0
kho Khotanese; Sakan 0
xuu Khwedam, Kxoe ONIX local code, equivalent to xuu in ISO 639-3. For use in ONIX 3.0 only 42
kik Kikuyu; Gikuyu 0
kin Kinyarwanda 0
kir Kirghiz; Kyrgyz 0
kmb Kimbundu 0
kok Konkani Macrolanguage 0
kom Komi Macrolanguage 0
kon Kongo Macrolanguage 0
kor Korean 0
kos Kusaiean (Caroline Islands) 0
kpe Kpelle Macrolanguage 0
krc Karachay-Balkar 4
krl Karelian 7
kro Kru languages Collective name 0
kru Kurukh 0
kua Kuanyama 0
kum Kumyk 0
kur Kurdish Macrolanguage 0
kut Kutenai 0
lad Ladino 0
lah Lahnda Macrolanguage 0
lam Lamba 0
lao Lao 0
lat Latin 0
lav Latvian Macrolanguage 0
lez Lezgian 0
lim Limburgish 0
lin Lingala 0
lit Lithuanian 0
lol Mongo-Nkundu 0
loz Lozi 0
ltz Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch 0
lua Luba-Lulua 0
lub Luba-Katanga 0
lug Ganda 0
lui Luiseño 0
lun Lunda 0
luo Luo (Kenya and Tanzania) 0
lus Lushai 0
mac Macedonian 0
mad Madurese 0
mag Magahi 0
mah Marshallese 0
mai Maithili 0
mak Makasar 0
mal Malayalam 0
man Mandingo Macrolanguage 0
mao Maori 0
map Austronesian languages Collective name 0
mar Marathi 0
mas Masai 0
may Malay Macrolanguage 0
mdf Moksha 4
mdr Mandar 0
men Mende 0
mga Irish, Middle (ca. 1100-1550) 0
mic Mi’kmaq; Micmac 0
min Minangkabau 0
mis Uncoded languages Use where no suitable code is available 0
mkh Mon-Khmer languages Collective name 0
mlg Malagasy Macrolanguage 0
mlt Maltese 0
mnc Manchu 0
mni Manipuri 0
mno Manobo languages Collective name 0
moh Mohawk 0
mol Moldavian; Moldovan DEPRECATED – use rum 0 10
mon Mongolian Macrolanguage 0
mos Mooré; Mossi 0
mul Multiple languages 0
mun Munda languages Collective name 0
mus Creek 0
mwf Murrinh-Patha ONIX local code, equivalent to mwf in ISO 639-3. For use in ONIX 3.0 only 44
mwl Mirandese 4
mwr Marwari Macrolanguage 0
myn Mayan languages Collective name 0
myv Erzya 4
nah Nahuatl languages Collective name 0
nai North American Indian languages Collective name 0
nap Neapolitan 0
nau Nauruan 0
nav Navajo 0
nbl Ndebele, South 0
nde Ndebele, North 0
ndo Ndonga 0
nds Low German; Low Saxon 0
nep Nepali Macrolanguage 0
new Newari; Nepal Bhasa 0
nia Nias 0
nic Niger-Kordofanian languages Collective name 0
niu Niuean 0
nno Norwegian Nynorsk 5
nob Norwegian Bokmål 5
nog Nogai 0
non Old Norse 0
nor Norwegian Macrolanguage 0
nqo N’Ko 7
nrf Guernésiais, Jèrriais ONIX local code, equivalent to nrf in ISO 639-3. For use in ONIX 3.0 only 46
nso Pedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho 0
nub Nubian languages Collective name 0
nwc Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa 4
nya Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja 0
nym Nyamwezi 0
nyn Nyankole 0
nyo Nyoro 0
nzi Nzima 0
oci Occitan (post 1500) 0
odt Old Dutch / Old Low Franconian (ca. 400–1050) ONIX local code, equivalent to odt in ISO 639-3 32
oji Ojibwa Macrolanguage 0
omq Oto-Manguean languages ONIX local code, equivalent to omq in ISO 639-5. Collective name 32
ori Oriya Macrolanguage 0
orm Oromo Macrolanguage 0
osa Osage 0
oss Ossetian; Ossetic 0
ota Turkish, Ottoman 0
oto Otomian languages Collective name 0
paa Papuan languages Collective name 0
pag Pangasinan 0
pal Pahlavi 0
pam Pampanga; Kapampangan 0
pan Panjabi 0
pap Papiamento 0
pau Palauan 0
peo Old Persian (ca. 600-400 B.C.) 0
per Persian; Farsi Macrolanguage 0
pes Iranian Persian; Parsi ONIX local code, equivalent to pes in ISO 639-3. For use in ONIX 3.0 only 39
phi Philippine languages Collective name 0
phn Phoenician 0
pli Pali 0
pol Polish 0
pon Ponapeian 0
por Portuguese 0
pra Prakrit languages Collective name 0
pro Provençal, Old (to 1500); Occitan, Old (to 1500) 0
prs Dari; Afghan Persian ONIX local code, equivalent to prs in ISO 639-3. For use in ONIX 3.0 only 39
pus Pushto; Pashto Macrolanguage 0
qar Aranés ONIX local code, distinct dialect of Occitan (not distinguished from oci by ISO 639-3) 6 24
qav Valencian ONIX local code, distinct dialect of Catalan (not distinguished from cat by ISO 639-3) 5 24
qlk Lemko ONIX local code, distinct dialect of of Rusyn (not distinguished from rue by ISO 639-3). For use in ONIX 3.0 only 40
qls Neutral Latin American Spanish ONIX local code, distinct and exclusively spoken variation of Spanish, not distinguished from spa (Spanish, Castilian) by ISO 639-3. Neutral Latin American Spanish should be considered a ‘shorthand’ for spa plus a ‘country code’ for Latin America – but prefer spa plus the relevant country code for specifically Mexican Spanish, Argentine (Rioplatense) Spanish, Puerto Rican Spanish etc. Neutral Latin American Spanish must only be used with audio material (including the audio tracks of TV, video and film) to indicate use of accent, vocabulary and construction suitable for broad use across Latin America. For use in ONIX 3.0 only 43
que Quechua Macrolanguage 0
raj Rajasthani Macrolanguage 0
rap Rapanui 0
rar Rarotongan; Cook Islands Maori 0
rcf Réunion Creole French ONIX local code, equivalent to rcf in ISO 639-3. For use in ONIX 3.0 only 46
roa Romance languages Collective name 0
roh Romansh 0
rom Romany Macrolanguage 0
rum Romanian 0
run Rundi 0
rup Aromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian 5
rus Russian 0
sad Sandawe 0
sag Sango 0
sah Yakut 0
sai South American Indian languages Collective name 0
sal Salishan languages Collective name 0
sam Samaritan Aramaic 0
san Sanskrit 0
sas Sasak 0
sat Santali 0
scc Serbian DEPRECATED – use srp 0 10
scn Sicilian 4
sco Scots 0 44
scr Croatian DEPRECATED – use hrv 0 10
sel Selkup 0
sem Semitic languages Collective name 0
sga Irish, Old (to 1100) 0
sgn Sign languages Collective name 0
shn Shan 0
sid Sidamo 0
sin Sinhala; Sinhalese 0
sio Siouan languages Collective name 0
sit Sino-Tibetan languages Collective name 0
sla Slavic languages Collective name 0
slo Slovak 0
slv Slovenian 0
sma Southern Sami 0
sme Northern Sami 0
smi Sami languages Collective name 0
smj Lule Sami 0
smn Inari Sami 0
smo Samoan 0
sms Skolt Sami 0
sna Shona 0
snd Sindhi 0
snk Soninke 0
sog Sogdian 0
som Somali 0
son Songhai languages Collective name 0
sot Sotho; Sesotho 0
spa Spanish 0
srd Sardinian Macrolanguage 0
srn Sranan Tongo 7
srp Serbian 10
srr Serer 0
ssa Nilo-Saharan languages Collective name 0
ssw Swazi; Swati 0
suk Sukuma 0
sun Sundanese 0
sus Susu 0
sux Sumerian 0
swa Swahili Macrolanguage 0
swe Swedish 0
syc Classical Syriac 8
syr Syriac Macrolanguage 0
tah Tahitian 0
tai Tai languages Collective name 0
tam Tamil 0
tat Tatar 0
tel Telugu 0
tem Temne; Time 0
ter Terena 0
tet Tetum 0
tgk Tajik; Tajiki Persian 0
tgl Tagalog 0
tha Thai 0
tib Tibetan 0
tig Tigré 0
tir Tigrinya 0
tiv Tiv 0
tkl Tokelauan 0
tlh Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol Artificial language 4
tli Tlingit 0
tmh Tamashek Macrolanguage 0
tog Tonga (Nyasa) 0
ton Tongan 0
tpi Tok Pisin 0
tsi Tsimshian 0
tsn Tswana AKA Setswana 0
tso Tsonga 0
tuk Turkmen 0
tum Tumbuka 0
tup Tupi languages Collective name 0
tur Turkish 0
tut Altaic languages 0
tvl Tuvaluan 0
twi Twi 0
tyv Tuvinian 0
tzo Tzotzil ONIX local code, equivalent to tzo in ISO 639-3 32
udm Udmurt 0
uga Ugaritic 0
uig Uighur; Uyghur 0
ukr Ukrainian 0
umb Umbundu 0
und Undetermined language 0
urd Urdu 0
uzb Uzbek Macrolanguage 0
vai Vai 0
ven Venda 0
vie Vietnamese 0
vol Volapük Artificial language 0
vot Votic 0
wak Wakashan languages Collective name 0
wal Wolaitta; Wolaytta 0
war Waray 0
was Washo 0
wel Welsh 0
wen Sorbian languages Collective name 0
wln Walloon 0
wol Wolof 0
xal Kalmyk 0
xho Xhosa 0
yao Yao 0
yap Yapese 0
yid Yiddish Macrolanguage 0
yor Yoruba 0
ypk Yupik languages Collective name 0
yue Cantonese ONIX local code, equivalent to yue in ISO 639-3 35
zap Zapotec Macrolanguage 0
zbl Blissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss Artificial language 8
zen Zenaga 0
zgh Standard Moroccan Tamazight 32
zha Zhuang; Chuang Macrolanguage 0
znd Zande languages Collective name 0
zul Zulu 0
zun Zuni 0
zxx No linguistic content 10
zza Zaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki Macrolanguage 7
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