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List 44: Name identifier type

Last updated in issue
Value Description Notes Issue number Modified in Issue
01 Proprietary Note that <IDTypeName> is required with proprietary identifiers 10
02 Proprietary DEPRECATED – use 01 0
03 DNB publisher identifier Deutsche Nationalbibliothek publisher identifier 1
04 Börsenverein Verkehrsnummer 1
05 German ISBN Agency publisher identifier 1
06 GLN GS1 global location number (formerly EAN location number) 1
07 SAN Book trade Standard Address Number – US, UK etc 1
08 MARC organization code MARC code list for organizations – see 28
10 Centraal Boekhuis Relatie ID Trading party identifier used in the Netherlands 4
13 Fondscode Boekenbank Flemish publisher code 7
15 Y-tunnus Business Identity Code (Finland). See (in Finnish) 8
16 ISNI International Standard Name Identifier. A sixteen digit number. Usually presented with spaces or hyphens dividing the number into four groups of four digits, but in ONIX the spaces or hyphens should be omitted. See 10
17 PND Personennamendatei – person name authority file used by Deutsche Nationalbibliothek and in other German-speaking countries. See (German) or (English). DEPRECATED in favor of the GND 10
18 NACO A control number assigned to a Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN) Name Authority / NACO record 10
19 Japanese Publisher identifier Publisher identifier administered by Japanese ISBN Agency 12
20 GKD Gemeinsame Körperschaftsdatei – Corporate Body Authority File in the German-speaking countries. See (German) or (English). DEPRECATED in favor of the GND 13
21 ORCID Open Researcher and Contributor ID. A sixteen digit number. Usually presented with hyphens dividing the number into four groups of four digits, but in ONIX the hyphens should be omitted. See 13
22 GAPP Publisher Identifier Publisher identifier maintained by the Chinese ISBN Agency (GAPP) 15
23 VAT Identity Number Identifier for a business organization for VAT purposes, eg within the EU’s VIES system. See for EU VAT ID formats, which vary from country to country. Generally these consist of a two-letter country code followed by the 8–12 digits of the national VAT ID. Some countries include one or two letters within their VAT ID. See for non-EU countries that maintain similar identifiers. Spaces, dashes etc should be omitted 16
24 JP Distribution Identifier 4-digit business organization identifier controlled by the Japanese Publication Wholesalers Association 17
25 GND Gemeinsame Normdatei – Joint Authority File in the German-speaking countries. See (English). Combines the PND, SWD and GKD into a single authority file, and should be used in preference 18
26 DUNS Dunn and Bradstreet Universal Numbering System, see 22
27 Ringgold ID Ringgold organizational identifier, see 22
28 Identifiant Editeur Electre French Electre publisher identifier 24
29 EIDR Party DOI DOI used in EIDR party registry, for example ‘10.5237/C9F6-F41F’ (Sam Raimi). See 29
30 Identifiant Marque Electre French Electre imprint Identifier 24
31 VIAF ID Virtual Internet Authority File. <IDValue> should be a number. The URI form of the identifier can be created by prefixing the number with ‘’. See 29
32 FundRef DOI DOI used in CrossRef’s Open Funder Registry list of academic research funding bodies, for example ‘10.13039/100004440’ (Wellcome Trust). See 27
33 BNE CN Control number assigned to a Name Authority record by the Biblioteca Nacional de España 35
34 BNF Control Number Numéro de la notice de personne BNF 36
35 ARK Archival Resource Key, as a URL (including the address of the ARK resolver provided by eg a national library) 36
36 Nasjonalt autoritetsregister Nasjonalt autoritetsregister for navn – Norwegian national authority file for personal and corporate names. For use in ONIX 3.0 only 37
37 GRID Global Research Identifier Database ID (see For use in ONIX 3.0 only 39
38 IDRef Party ID from Identifiers and Standards for Higher Education and Research (fr: Identifiants et Référentiels pour l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche). For use on ONIX 3.0 only. See 52
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